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Surveillance systems evaluation: A systematic review of the existing approaches

Calba C., Goutard F., Hoinville L., Hendrikx P., Lindberg A., Saegerman C., Peyre M.I.. 2015. BMC Public Health, 15 (448) : 13 p..

Background: Regular and relevant evaluations of surveillance systems are essential to improve their performance and cost-effectiveness. With this in mind several organizations have developed evaluation approaches to facilitate the design and implementation of these evaluations. Methods: In order to identify and to compare the advantages and limitations of these approaches, we implemented a systematic review using the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). Results: After applying exclusion criteria and identifying other additional documents via citations, 15 documents were retained. These were analysed to assess the field (public or animal health) and the type of surveillance systems targeted; the development process; the objectives; the evaluation process and its outputs; and the attributes covered. Most of the approaches identified were general and provided broad recommendations for evaluation. Several common steps in the evaluation process were identified: (i) defining the surveillance system under evaluation, (ii) designing the evaluation process, (iii) implementing the evaluation, and (iv) drawing conclusions and recommendations. Conclusions: A lack of information regarding the identification and selection of methods and tools to assess the evaluation attributes was highlighted; as well as a lack of consideration of economic attributes and sociological aspects. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : surveillance; méthodologie; gestion du risque; Évaluation du risque; surveillance épidémiologique; santé animale; santé publique

Thématique : Sciences et hygiène vétérinaires : considérations générales; Méthodes de recherche; Autres thèmes

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