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Visual, vibratory, and olfactory cues affect interactions between the red spider mite Tetranychus evansi and its predator Phytoseiulus longipes

Azandémè-Hounmalon Y.G., Torto B., Fiaboe K.K.M., Subramanian S., Kreiter S., Martin T.. 2016. Journal of Pest Science, 89 (1) : p. 137-152.

DOI: 10.1007/s10340-015-0682-y

Phytoseiulus longipes Evans (Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae) is an exotic predator widely used in biological control programs for the red spider mite Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard (Acari: Tetranychidae) in East Africa. However, little is known about the cues mediating this prey/predator interaction. Here, we performed behavioral assays to test the involvement of visual, vibratory, and olfactory cues using a combination of dead/living insects enclosed in either perforated or non-perforated transparent/ opaque capsules. We monitored insect responses with a video tracking system and analyzed the data with Ethovision software. Our results showed avoidance behavior of T. evansi in the presence of live P. longipes through visual, vibratory, and olfactory cues. P. longipes was attracted by vibratory and olfactory cues emitted by T. evansi. The composition of volatiles from T. evansi was identified by GC/MS as methyl salicylate (MeSA), linalool, bcaryophyllene, octanoic acid, decanoic acid, dodecanoic acid, tetradecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid, and octadecanoic acid. Our behavioral assays with predatory mites in a Y-tube olfactometer revealed that among the identified volatiles, only MeSA, linalool, and MeSA ? linalool attracted P. longipes. The implications of these findings for the control of T. evansi are discussed.

Mots-clés : tetranychus; phytoseiulus; agent de lutte biologique; comportement animal; lutte biologique; interactions biologiques; gestion intégrée des ravageurs; Éthologie; Écologie chimique; salicylate; linalool; solanum lycopersicum; kenya; tetranychus evansi; phytoseiulus longipes

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