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Impact of habitat fragmentation on tsetse populations and trypanosomosis risk in Eastern Zambia

Mweempwa C., Marcotty T., De Pus C., Penzhorn B.L., Dicko A.H., Bouyer J., De Deken R.. 2015. Parasites and Vectors, 8 (406) : 10 p..

Background Fragmentation of tsetse habitat in eastern Zambia is largely due to encroachments by subsistence farmers into new areas in search of new agricultural land. The impact of habitat fragmentation on tsetse populations is not clearly understood. This study was aimed at establishing the impact of habitat fragmentation on physiological and demographic parameters of tsetse flies in order to enhance the understanding of the relationship between fragmentation and African animal trypanosomosis (AAT) risk. Methods A longitudinal study was conducted to establish the age structure, abundance, proportion of females and trypanosome infection rate of Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae) in areas of varying degrees of habitat fragmentation in Eastern Zambia. Black screen fly rounds were used to sample tsetse populations monthly for 1 year. Logistic regression was used to analyse age, proportion of females and infection rate data. Results Flies got significantly older as fragmentation increased (p?

Mots-clés : bovin; entomologie; glossina pallidipes; glossina morsitans; habitat; Écologie animale; dynamique des populations; gestion du risque; trypanosomose africaine; glossinidae; zambie

Thématique : Organismes nuisibles des animaux; Maladies des animaux

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