Publications des agents du Cirad


Preharvest temperature affects chilling injury in dessert bananas during storage

Bugaud C., Joannès-Dumec C., Louisor J., Tixier P., Salmon F.. 2016. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96 (7) : p. 2384-2390.

DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.7354

BACKGROUND: The e¿ect of temperature on chilling injury during fruit growth was studied in a new banana hybrid CIRAD925 in which seasonal variability in chilling susceptibility was observed when fruits were stored at 13 ° C. RESULTS: The relationship between the response to chilling (presence/absence) and the temperature during banana fruit growth was examined with a logistic regression model. An explanatory variable X N,P was de¿ned as the mean temperature during a period, expressed in weeks, which began N week(s) after ¿owering and lasted P week(s). The model was calibrated with 143 bunches with a green life of 30 ± 5 days and validated with 156 bunches grown in six plots under di¿erent growing conditions. Chilling injury was best predicted by the mean temperature during the period beginning 1 week after ¿owering and lasting 5 weeks (X 1,5 ). Above a mean temperature of 24.1 ° C in the period concerned, banana fruits had a 95% probability of chilling injury at 13 ° C. Below a temperature of 23.4 ° C, banana fruits only had a 5% probability of chilling injury. CONCLUSION: The results provide a tool to predict chilling susceptibility in banana fruit whatever the thermal conditions in tropical regions.

Mots-clés : musa; banane; température; récolte; stockage au froid; date de récolte; modèle mathématique; croissance; stress dû au froid

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