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Camelids and sustainable development

Faye B.. 2015. Veterinariâ, 42 (2) : p. 38-43. 4th Conference of the International Society of Camelid Research and Development/ISOCARD 2015. 4, 2015-06-08/2015-06-12, Almaty (Kazakhstan).

Face to the global changes and new climatic constraints, the camel farming is confronted to new challenges, first to contribute to the ¿livestock revolution¿ (for reaching the requirements of a growing human population), especially in remote places of arid and mountainous areas, and in the same time to satisfy the necessity of sustainable development for the future generation. The current trends of the camelid farming systems in the world (settlement, intensification, market integration, territorial expanding, emerging diseases) question the scientists and the developers on the right ways for a sustainable development. Several aspects are discussed in the present paper: (i) the assessment of the contribution of camelids in the greenhouse gas emission, in relationships with the camel demography, (ii) the assessment and preservation of the camelid biodiversity, (ii) the assessment of the changes in the animal metabolism and in the environment management face to the intensification process, (iv) the control of the transboundary diseases in a population marked by mobility, and (v) the future of the social role of camelid in the more and more urbanized world.(Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : donnée statistique; sociologie; contrôle de maladies; dynamique des populations; intensification; conservation des ressources génétiques; biodiversité; commercialisation; gaz à effet de serre; méthode d'élevage; Élevage; développement durable; camelidae; monde

Thématique : Elevage - Considérations générales; Economie de la production; Sciences et hygiène vétérinaires : considérations générales; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières

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