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Socio-economic indicators of the camel production sector in southeast Tunisia: main households survey results

Salmi C., Jaouad M., Faye B., Khortchani T.. 2015. Veterinariâ, 42 (2) : p. 464-466. 4th Conference of the International Society of Camelid Research and Development/ISOCARD 2015. 4, 2015-06-08/2015-06-12, Almaty (Kazakhstan).

This Socio-economic study has been conducted by a team of PROCAMED Project. This project falls within the framework of the promotion of the innovating camel systems and of the local camel value chains for a sustainable management of the Saharan territories. The socio-economic survey was conducted in four regions of southeast Tunisia (Medenine, Tataouine, Gabes and Kebeli). A total of 147 households were interviewed on the management, significance and constraints associated to the camel production in the area using a field diagnostic survey. According to the camel breeders' responses, the family living status of the camel herders has based on camels and small ruminant's livestock activities. Most of the camel herders were keeping areas occupied by natural vegetation which can provide a feed source for animals. For the most part of the areas have an average annual rainfall below 300 mm and either a Saharan or an arid Mediterranean bioclimate. Although the land ownership status may change, the rangelands are mostly subject to the system known as collective ownership. Major source of income of the camel herders at all zones were sale of milk and meat, sale of animals and crop cultivation. Majority of the herders kept their camels in open air system and take their camels for grazing from morning till evening at all the zones. But, because of rangelands degradation the trend of supplementation becoming more and more adopted. Camels play an important role in the socio-economics of the people in this area. In order to improve the camel production in the study area, Livestock and dairy development department and local public services, should take into consideration the importance of camel and the prevalent problems in the area. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : système de production; zone aride; zone semi-aride; développement socioéconomique; enquête sur exploitations agricoles; méthode d'élevage; terre de pâturage; conduite d'élevage; famille; ménage; sociologie économique; analyse économique; analyse de système; donnée de production; dromadaire; chameau; camelus; tunisie

Thématique : Elevage - Considérations générales; Economie de la production; Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale; Economie et politique du développement

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