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[Titre en arabe]

Ayadi M., Aljumaah R.S., Alzuraiq F., Faye B.. 2015. Riyad : FAO, 15 p..

Nowadays there is an increasing interest in camel's milk for human nutrition due to its functional properties. As a result of market demands for milk production, intensive dairy camel's farms using modern machine milking have been recently estabilished around the world. Efficient milking are related to the good milking ability of animal (machine milked). Camels should be chosen with good udder and teat conformations because of its direct effects on ease of milking and milk hygiene. There are a huge variation in size of teats (length and diameter) between camels. These variations might cause some problems during machine milking and require special settings and practice during milking. Therefore, the necessity to design specific milking clusters for lactating camels, with longer and wider cups than dairy cows. Milking camels at 50 kPa and 60 pulsations/min improved milking efficiency without affecting teat condition and udder health; camels were able to let down more milk in a shorter time at higher milk flow rate. Compared to other dairy animals, camels have a very limited cisternal cavity. Therefore, insufficient udder and teat stimulation will lead to incomplete milking. It is recommended to extend the duration of udder and teat stimulation (90 to 120 sec) before milking. Further studies are needed to confirm these results during the entire lactation period. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : aptitude laitière; performance animale; traite; anatomie animale; trayon; machine à traire; lait de chamelle; chameau; arabie saoudite

Thématique : Elevage - Considérations générales; Anatomie et morphologie des animaux; Machines et matériels agricoles

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