Publications des agents du Cirad


Free exopolysaccharide from Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides possesses anti-inflammatory properties

Totté P., Puech C., Rodrigues V., Bertin C., Manso-Silvan L., Thiaucourt F.. 2015. Veterinary Research, 46 (122) : 9 p..

In this study we explored the immunomodulatory properties of highly purified free galactan, the soluble exopolysaccharide secreted by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm). Galactan was shown to bind to TLR2 but not TLR4 using HEK293 reporter cells and to induce the production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in bovine macrophages, whereas low IL-12p40 and no TNF-a, both pro-inflammatory cytokines, were induced in these cells. In addition, pre-treatment of macrophages with galactan substantially reduced lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF- and IL-12p40 while increasing LPS-induced secretion of immunosuppressive IL-10. Also, galactan did not activate naïve lymphocytes and induced only low production of the Th1 cytokine IFN-¿ in Mmm-experienced lymphocytes. Finally, galactan triggered weak recall proliferation of CD4+ T lymphocytes from contagious bovine pleuropneumonia-infected animals despite having a positive effect on the expression of co-stimulatory molecules on macrophages. All together, these results suggest that galactan possesses anti-inflammatory properties and potentially provides Mmm with a mechanism to evade host innate and adaptive cell-mediated immune responses. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : bovin; lymphocyte; macrophage; cytokinine; galactane; anti-inflammatoire; polyholoside; mycoplasma mycoides; languedoc-roussillon

Thématique : Maladies des animaux

Documents associés

Article de revue

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :