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The negative side of the agricultural¿nutrition impact pathways: A literature review

Dury S., Alpha A., Bichard A.. 2015. World Food Policy, 2 (1) : p. 78-100.

Agricultural development interventions and policies have an impact on the nutrition of individuals through changes in food availability, in food diversity, in food prices, and changes in farmers' income. Less straightforward, they also entail many changes in health environment and in time availability for care activities. They finally have impacts on the balance of power both at the intra-household, community, and global levels. The impact pathways are complex and interlinked, and many recent studies have primarily focused on their positive effects. However, some agricultural interventions might have a negative impact on nutrition in certain cases. This article sets out to identify them, through a review of the scientific and institutional literature, along with expert interviews. Six risk categories are proposed, relative to incomes, prices, types of products, women's social status and workload, the health environment, and inequalities. This review underlines the necessity to have an ex ante analysis of the nutrition impacts of any food or agricultural policy or intervention with ¿do not harm approach¿ regarding the nutrition outcomes. It gives clues to identify and mitigate the main negative outcome and advocate for more applied and well-documented research on that topic. (Résumé d'auteur)

Thématique : Nutrition humaine : considérations générales; Agriculture - Considérations générales; Economie et politique agricoles

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