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Livestock farming constraints in developing countries-from adaptation to mitigation in ruminant production systems

Vigne M., Blanfort V., Vayssières J., Lecomte P., Steinmetz P.. 2016. In : Torquebiau Emmanuel (ed.), Manley David (trad.), Cowan Paul (trad.). Climate change and agriculture worldwide. Heidelberg : Springer, p. 127-141.

DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-7462-8_10

The livestock sector's relationship with climate change is complex. The sector is a major contributor to agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, whereas it is subject to climate change and must adapt to ensure its survival. The diverse range of livestock farming systems worldwide provides a range of greenhouse gas emission mitigation options. Moreover, livestock production contributes to a significant and increasing extent to food systems and to agricultural systems in developing countries (manure, transportation, savings, and income). In this sense, their integration in climate-smart agricultural systems is essential, especially since these regions are undergoing major changes in their demographic, environmental and consumption patterns. Livestock farming is thus a crucial adaptation mechanism for poor and vulnerable people living in changing environments who are subject to a range of risks.

Mots-clés : changement climatique; Élevage; ruminant; pays en développement

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