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Helminth parasite species richness in rodents from Southeast Asia: role of host species and habitat

Palmeirim M., Bordes F., Chaisiri K., Siribat P., Ribas A., Morand S.. 2014. Parasitology Research, 113 (10) : p. 3713-3726.

Southeast Asia is a biodiversity hotspot that harbours many species of rodents, including some that live in close contact with humans. They host helminth parasites, some of which are of zoonotic importance. It is therefore important to understand the factors that influence the richness of the helminths parasitizing rodents. The specific objectives of this study were to evaluate rodent species as a factor determining helminth richness in rodent assemblages, to identify the major rodent helminth reservoir species and to explore the influence of habitat on helminth richness. We estimated helminth species richness using a large dataset of 18 rodent species (1,651 individuals) originating from Southeast Asia and screened for helminth parasites. The use of an unbiased estimator shows that the helminth species richness varies substantially among rodent species and across habitats. We confirmed this pattern by investigating the number of helminth species per individual rodent in all rodent species, and specifically in the two mitochondrial lineages Rattus tanezumi and R. tanezumi R3, which were captured in all habitats (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : biodiversité; enquête pathologique; parasitologie; espèce; zoonose; rodentia; rongeur; helminthe; asie du sud-est

Thématique : Organismes nuisibles des animaux

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