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Applying participatory approaches in the evaluation of surveillance systems: A pilot study on African swine fever surveillance in Corsica

Calba C., Antoine-Moussiaux N., Charrier F., Hendrikx P., Saegerman C., Peyre M.I., Goutard F.. 2015. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 122 (4) : p. 389-398. SVEPM Conference, 2015-03-25/2015-03-27, Ghent (Belgique).

The implementation of regular and relevant evaluations of surveillance systems is critical in improving their effectiveness and their relevance whilst limiting their cost. The complex nature of these systems and the variable contexts in which they are implemented call for the development of flexible evaluation tools. Within this scope, participatory tools have been developed and implemented for the African swine fever (ASF) surveillance system in Corsica (France). The objectives of this pilot study were, firstly, to assess the applicability of participatory approaches within a developed environment involving various stakeholders and, secondly, to define and test methods developed to assess evaluation attributes. Two evaluation attributes were targeted: the acceptability of the surveillance system and its the non-monetary benefits. Individual semi-structured interviews and focus groups were implemented with representatives from every level of the system. Diagramming and scoring tools were used to assess the different elements that compose the definition of acceptability. A contingent valuation method, associated with proportional piling, was used to assess the non-monetary benefits, i.e., the value of sanitary information. Sixteen stakeholders were involved in the process, through 3 focus groups and 8 individual semi-structured interviews. Stakeholders were selected according to their role in the system and to their availability. Results highlighted a moderate acceptability of the system for farmers and hunters and a high acceptability for other representatives (e.g., private veterinarians, local laboratories). Out of the 5 farmers involved in assessing the non-monetary benefits, 3 were interested in sanitary information on ASF. The data collected via participatory approaches enable relevant recommendations to be made, based on the Corsican context, to improve the current surveillance system. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : contrôle de maladies; méthode de lutte; agriculteur; chasse; porcin; bénéfice; acceptabilité; participation; approches participatives; analyse de système; Évaluation de l'impact; surveillance épidémiologique; peste porcine africaine; corse

Thématique : Sciences et hygiène vétérinaires : considérations générales; Maladies des animaux; Méthodes de recherche

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