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Life cycle assessment to understand agriculture-climate change linkages

Bessou C., Basset-Mens C., Benoist A., Biard Y., Burte J., Feschet P., Payen S., Tran T., Perret S.. 2016. In : Torquebiau Emmanuel (ed.), Manley David (trad.), Cowan Paul (trad.). Climate change and agriculture worldwide. Heibelberg : Springer, p. 263-275.

As one of the most comprehensive environmental assessment methodologies, life cycle assessment enables evaluation of the environmental impacts of anthropogenic activities along a supply chain. Its implementation raises many scientific questions. In the case of tropical cropping systems, researchers are working to understand and model environmental emissions based on the diversity of environments and systems. They are also focusing on the relationship between emissions and impacts. Cropping system life cycle assessments show that the impact on climate change varies by crop, environment and type of practice. Life cycle assessment can help guide production methods so as to reduce their environmental impacts. But the choices are not always clearcut. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : changement climatique; analyse du cycle de vie; agriculture; impact sur l'environnement; Évaluation de l'impact; technique analytique; gaz à effet de serre; Émission de polluant; système de culture; pratique culturale; Étude de cas; jatropha curcas; elaeis guineensis; oryza sativa; lycopersicon esculentum; pollution atmosphérique; développement durable; mali; burkina faso; thaïlande; maroc; france; monde

Thématique : Météorologie et climatologie; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Méthodes de recherche; Pollution; Agriculture - Considérations générales

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