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Cirad

Payment for environmental services in climate change policies

Ezzine de Blas D., Hrabanski M., Le Coq J.F.. 2016. In : Torquebiau Emmanuel (ed.), Manley David (trad.), Cowan Paul (trad.). Climate change and agriculture worldwide. Heibelberg : Springer, p. 277-299.

DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-7462-8_21

Payment for environmental services is intended to ensure better management of natural resources while contributing to economic development and ecosystem protection. This policy instrument is based on economic incentives to offset the opportunity costs of environmental service providers. Hence, it links providers and users of environmental services and acts as a powerful catalyst for collective action. In this chapter, we discuss the economic principles underlying the instrument and its modes of governance, and we present some innovative examples. We show that by maintaining ecosystems and associated ecosystem services, the practices favoured by these payments contribute directly and indirectly to climate change adaptation or mitigation policies.

Mots-clés : changement climatique; services écosystémiques; politique de l'environnement; gestion des ressources naturelles; conservation des ressources; gouvernance; environnement socioéconomique; adaptation aux changements climatiques; atténuation des effets du changement climatique; théorie économique; marché; Écosystème; Étude de cas; plante céréalière; jachère; jatropha curcas; réglementation forestière; tourisme; lutte antipollution; réduction des émissions; États-unis; costa rica; zimbabwe; bolivie (État plurinational de); politique publique

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