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Cirad

Payment for environmental services in climate change policies

Ezzine de Blas D., Hrabanski M., Le Coq J.F.. 2016. In : Torquebiau Emmanuel (ed.), Manley David (trad.), Cowan Paul (trad.). Climate change and agriculture worldwide. Heibelberg : Springer, p. 277-299.

Payment for environmental services is intended to ensure better management of natural resources while contributing to economic development and ecosystem protection. This policy instrument is based on economic incentives to offset the opportunity costs of environmental service providers. Hence, it links providers and users of environmental services and acts as a powerful catalyst for collective action. In this chapter, we discuss the economic principles underlying the instrument and its modes of governance, and we present some innovative examples. We show that by maintaining ecosystems and associated ecosystem services, the practices favoured by these payments contribute directly and indirectly to climate change adaptation or mitigation policies. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : réduction des émissions; lutte antipollution; tourisme; réglementation forestière; jatropha curcas; jachère; plante céréalière; Étude de cas; Écosystème; marché; théorie économique; atténuation des effets du changement climatique; adaptation aux changements climatiques; environnement socioéconomique; gouvernance; conservation des ressources; gestion des ressources naturelles; politique de l'environnement; services écosystémiques; changement climatique; bolivie (État plurinational de); zimbabwe; costa rica; États-unis; monde; politique publique

Thématique : Météorologie et climatologie; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Pollution; Economie et politique du développement

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