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Object-based delineation of homogeneous landscape units at regional scale based on MODIS time series

Bisquert M., Bégué A., Deshayes M.. 2015. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 37 : p. 72-82.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2014.10.004

Landscapes can be described by seasonal and spatial patterns linked to vegetation type and phenology, environmental conditions, and human activities. The objective of this work is to propose and test an approach for delineating homogeneous landscape units at a regional scale by using only Earth observation data. We used MODIS (Moderate Imaging Spectroradiometer) images from 2007 to 2011, acquired over the whole continental French territory at 250 m spatial resolution. The data set includes time series of the Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) and time series of five Haralick texture indices. A principal components analysis (PCA) allowed us to choose the most representative indices (spectral and textural) and dates to be used in the region-growing segmentation. Different combinations of input data, as well as different segmentation parameters, were tested and compared using unsupervised evaluation methods. These methods were used to analyze the radiometric homogeneity of the regions and the radiometric disparity between regions when changing the homogeneity criterion of the segmentation. The best segmentation results obtained included three EVI images, together with three images of the texture 2nd moment, corresponding to the average of the months of April, July and December from 2007 to 2011. The optimum homogeneity criterion for the region-growing segmentation using this combination of variables was 15. We believe this method is applicable at other scales and other data sets for vegetation and biodiversity studies, and for habitat mapping.

Mots-clés : télédétection; spectrométrie; utilisation des terres; paysage; couverture végétale; végétation; population humaine; biodiversité; phénologie; cartographie de l'occupation du sol; cartographie de l' utilisation des terres

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