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Pasteurization of citrus juices with ohmic heating to preserve the carotenoid profile

Achir N., Dhuique-Mayer C., Hadjal T., Madani K., Pain J.P., Dornier M.. 2016. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 33 (février) : p. 397-404.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ifset.2015.11.002

This study was carried out to assess, for the first time, the effect of ohmic heating on the carotenoid profile of two citrus fruit juices: grapefruit and blood orange. Two heat treatments were designed to obtain pasteurization values of 50 and 150 min (Tref = 70 °C and z-value = 10 °C) with ohmic heating as compared to conventional heating. The results showed that xanthophyll losses could reach 70% for epoxyxanthophylls (cis-violaxanthin and cis-antheraxanthin) and 40% for hydroxyxanthophylls (ß-cryptoxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin) with conventional heating, but losses were under 30% and 20%, respectively, with ohmic heating. Carotene species (lycopene and ß-carotene) were stable regardless of the treatment. No negative non-thermal effects of ohmic heating were shown on carotenoids. Loss simulations of the studied carotenoids showed that the high temperatures reached with ohmic heating during pasteurization could substantially increase the organoleptic and nutritional quality of acid carotenoid-rich juices. Industrial relevance Citrus are the top fruit crops in terms of world trade. This craze for them -particularly orange and grapefruit- is notably due to their high content in organoleptic and nutritional compounds of interest and among them carotenoids. About 50% of the Citrus production is processed in juice. From the growing variety of products, minimal processed juices now have a significant market share. This work assessed for the first time the effect of ohmic heating, a thermal method for stabilizing juices while minimizing the impact on the juice quality, on the carotenoid profiles of blood orange and grapefruit juice. Pasteurization with ohmic heating was proven to be a very good alternative for protecting carotenoids and especially xanthophylls compared to conventional heating. These results will help in designing ohmic heating process parameters for optimizing the overall quality of carotenoid-rich fruit juices.

Mots-clés : jus d'orange; pasteurisation; traitement thermique; dégradation; caroténoïde; modèle de simulation; qualité; citrus paradisi; citrus sinensis; algérie; amérique du sud; france; cinétique

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