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Coconut-and cocoa-based agroforestry systems in Vanuatu: a diversification strategy in tune with the farmers' life cycle

Feintrenie L., Enjalric F., Ollivier L.. 2015. In : Ruf François (ed.), Schroth Götz (ed.). Economics and ecology of diversification: the case of tropical tree crops. Dordrecht : Springer; Ed. Quae, p. 283-295.

DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-7294-5_14

Do coconut-and cocoa-based agroforestry systems meet the needs of families on Malo (Vanuatu)? A socio-economic study conducted in three of the island's villages offers answers to this question based on the analysis of the economic performances of these systems and their integration into the family life cycle. Modelling demonstrates the economic potential of agroforestry systems and assesses the contribution of various components to the overall production. The harmony between the production cycles of a coconut agroforestry system and those of the farmer's household has also to be stressed. Uncontrolled intensification would generate several social and environmental risks.

Mots-clés : cocos nucifera; theobroma cacao; agroforesterie; analyse économique; environnement socioéconomique; exploitation agricole familiale; diversification; système de culture; productivité des terres; performance de culture; vanuatu

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