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Introduction to socioecological dimensions of infectious diseases and health in Southeast Asia

Morand S., Dujardin J.P., Lefait-Robin R., Apiwathnasorn C.. 2015. In : Morand Serge (ed.), Dujardin Jean-Pierre (ed.), Lefait-Robin Régine (ed.), Apiwathnasorn Chamnarn (ed.). Socio-ecological dimensions of infectious diseases in Southeast Asia. Singapour : Springer, p. 1-5.

Global changes affect host-pathogen interactions, through the modification of the epidemiological environment (climate, land use, biodiversity), leading to new and sometimes unexpected risks. Epidemics, emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases are outcomes of these changes, and they constitute serious global threats for health. Although some local emergences have a potential for global threat (i.e. SARS, avian influenza, etc.), most of infectious diseases affect rural and poor populations particularly in developing countries, which are particularly vulnerable to the consequences of global change. Southeast Asia is both a hotspot of infectious emerging diseases of potential global pandemics and of biodiversity, particularly at threat due to dramatic changes in land use (Morand et al. 2014). These may explain why international organizations, developmental agencies and non-governmental conservationist organizations have specially focused on Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases are still a major concern in most Southeast-Asian countries (Coker et al. 2011). (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : influenzavirus aviaire; changement climatique; approches participatives; maladie de l'homme; maladie des animaux; zoonose; maladie transmise par vecteur; utilisation des terres; environnement; facteur écologique; Écosystème; biodiversité; gestion des ressources; participation communautaire; surveillance épidémiologique; gestion du risque; santé animale; santé publique; Écologie; sociologie; maladie infectieuse; asie du sud-est

Thématique : Sciences et hygiène vétérinaires : considérations générales; Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale; Maladies des animaux; Organismes nuisibles des animaux; Autres thèmes; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières

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