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Cirad

Beyond conservation agriculture

Giller K.E., Andersson J.A., Corbeels M., Kirkegaard J., Mortensen D., Erenstein O.C.A., Vanlauwe B.. 2015. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6 (870) : 14 p..

Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance), soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings, and soil and water conservation led to widespread adoption of CA, particularly on large farms in the Americas and Australia, where farmers harness the tools of modern science: highly-sophisticated machines, potent agrochemicals, and biotechnology. Over the past 10 years CA has been promoted among smallholder farmers in the (sub-) tropics, often with disappointing results. Growing evidence challenges the claims that CA increases crop yields and builds-up soil carbon although increased stability of crop yields in dry climates is evident. Our analyses suggest pragmatic adoption on larger mechanized farms, and limited uptake of CA by smallholder farmers in developing countries. We propose a rigorous, context-sensitive approach based on Systems Agronomy to analyze and explore sustainable intensification options, including the potential of CA. There is an urgent need to move beyond dogma and prescriptive approaches to provide soil and crop management options for farmers to enable the Sustainable Intensification of agriculture. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : pays en développement; développement durable; conservation des sols; Érosion; changement climatique; développement agricole; politique de développement; diversification; non-travail du sol; culture sous couvert végétal; rotation culturale; agriculture alternative; intensification; grande exploitation agricole; petite exploitation agricole; agriculture de conservation

Thématique : Economie et politique du développement; Economie et politique agricoles; Systèmes et modes de culture; Façons culturales

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