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Evaluating payments for environmental services: Methodological challenges

Le Velly G., Dutilly C.. 2016. PloS One, 11 (2) : 20 p..

Over the last fifteen years, Payments for Environmental Services (PES) schemes have become very popular environmental policy instruments, but the academic literature has begun to question their additionality. The literature attempts to estimate the causal effect of these programs by applying impact evaluation (IE) techniques. However, PES programs are complex instruments and IE methods cannot be directly applied without adjustments. Based on a systematic review of the literature, this article proposes a framework for the methodological process of designing an IE for PES schemes. It revises and discusses the methodological choices at each step of the process and proposes guidelines for practitioners.

Mots-clés : montant compensatoire; méthodologie; utilisation des terres; politique foncière; agroforesterie; déboisement; reconstitution forestière; protection de la forêt; forêt; programme d'action; Évaluation de projet; économie de l'environnement; Évaluation de l'impact; politique de l'environnement; services écosystémiques; protection de l'environnement; costa rica; mexique

Thématique : Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Economie et politique foncières; Foresterie - Considérations générales; Dégâts causés aux forêts et leur protection

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