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Biological invasion affect resource specialisation: long term data of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidea) community in Réunion Island

Charlery De La Masseliere M., Ravigné V., Facon B., Massol F., Lefeuvre P., Quilici S., Duyck P.F.. 2016. In : Tephritid Workers of Europe, Africa and the Middle East: 3rd International Symposium 11-14 April 2016 Stellenbosch, South Africa. Stellenbosch : TEAM, p. 35-35. International Symposium of Tephritid Workers of Europe, Africa and the Middle East (TEAM 2016). 3, 2016-04-11/2016-04-14, Stellenbosch (Afrique du Sud).

Invasion of new species within an established community can induce changes in the community structure. In the case of phytophagous insects, invasive species may become part of the resident trophic network as new herbivores or competitors. The aim of our study is to determine the consequences over the trophic network of the invasion of the fruit fly Bactrocera zonata in La Réunion in a community of species differing widely in their degree of host specialisation. The community includes three polyphagous species (Ceratitis catoirii, Ceratitis capitata and Ceratitis rosa) and four oligophagous species (Dacus demmerezi, Dacus ciliatus, Neoceratitis cyanescens and Bactrocera cucurbitae). Using a large database of frequency of the different flies in more than 100 host plants species collected between 1991 and 2009, we assessed the evolution of host range for each species after the arrival of B. zonata in 2000. The results show that the host range of B. zonata mainly overlaps with those of C. catoirii, C. capitata and C. rosa. These three species have decreased their number of hosts and / or frequency of infestation following the invasion by B. zonata. After the reconstruction of host plant phylogeny, we also show that a strong relation between plant relatedness and host range exists. Importantly, this relation was not disrupted with B. zonata invasion. This indicates that whereas arrival of a new species generates reduction of the host range, it did not affect the influence of the plant phylogeny on the host range. (Texte intégral)

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