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Effect of different light wavelengths on the growth and ochratoxin A production in Aspergillus carbonarius and Aspergillus westerdijkiae

Cheong K.K., Strub C., Montet D., Durand N., Alter P., Meile J.C., Schorr-Galindo S., Fontana A.. 2016. Fungal Biology, 120 : p. 745-751.

The effects of light at different wavelengths and photoperiod on growth and ochratoxin A production of Aspergillus carbonarius and Aspergillus westerdijkiae were studied: far-red (740 nm), red (625 nm), blue (445 nm), and UV-A (366 nm). Fungal growth was not significantly affected by photoperiod or light wavelength; the only exception was A. westerdijkiae which showed reduced growth under UV-A light (366 nm). Short-wavelength blue light (445 nm) and UV-A light caused a reduction in ochratoxin A production of both fungal species. However, long-wavelength red light (625 nm) and far-red light (740 nm) reduced ochratoxin A production only in A. westerdijkiae but not in A. carbonarius. It is believed that this difference in reactivity to light is due to differences in the melanin content of the two fungal species: A. carbonarius is a black fungus with higher melanin content than A. westerdijkiae, a yellow fungus. Other possible explanations for the reduction of ochratoxin A production by light were also discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : coffea arabica; fève de café; croissance; mélanine; radiation; lumière du jour; photopériodicité; Éclairage; mycotoxine; ochratoxine; aspergillus; mexique; france; aspergillus westerdijkiae; aspergillus carbonarius

Thématique : Contamination et toxicologie alimentaires; Autres thèmes

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