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Pneumatic drying of cassava starch: Numerical analysis and guidelines for the design of efficient small-scale dryers

Chapuis A., Precoppe M., Méot J.M., Sriroth K., Tran T.. 2017. Drying Technology, 35 (4) : p. 393-408.

DOI: 10.1080/07373937.2016.1177537

In a number of tropical countries, the expansion of cassava processing is tied to the development of small-scale, energy-efficient pneumatic dryers used to dry flour and starch. To facilitate this development, in this study a model of the pneumatic drying of starch particles was developed, to be fitted to measurements taken from large cassava processing factories. After that, numerical simulations were performed to analyse the effects of geometry and operating conditions on the energy efficiency and pipe length required to dry the product. The results clarified the influence of processing capacity, air inlet conditions and starch particle size, emphasizing that air velocity, as well as the dilution of the starch, should be minimised. In light of the findings described here, we offer guidelines for the design of efficient small-capacity flash dryers.

Mots-clés : manioc; amidon; séchage à l'air; conception; séchoir; modèle mathématique; modèle de simulation; performance du matériel; bilan énergétique; Échange d'énergie; transfert de masse; consommation d'énergie; propriété physicochimique; température de l'air; petite entreprise; petite exploitation agricole; zone tropicale; pays en développement; thaïlande

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