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Estimation and uncertainty assessment of surface microclimate indicators at local scale using airborne infrared thermography and multispectral imagery

Kotchi S.O., Barrette N., Viau A.A., Jang J.D., Gond V., Mostafavi M.A.. 2016. In : Imperatore Pascuale (ed.), Pepe Antonio (ed.). Geospatial Technology - Environmental and Social Applications. Rijeka : Intech Publisher, p. 99-141.

A precise estimation and the characterization of the spatial variability of microclimate conditions (MCCs) are essential for risk assessment and site-specific management of vector-borne diseases and crop pests. The objective of this study was to estimate at local scale, and assess the uncertainties of Surface Microclimate Indicators (SMIs) derived from airborne infrared thermography and multispectral imaging. SMIs including Surface Temperature (ST) were estimated in southern Quebec, Canada. The formulation of their uncertainties was based on in-situ observations and the law of propagation of uncertainty. SMIs showed strong local variability and intra-plot variability of MCCs in the study area. The ST values ranged from 290 K to 331 K. They varied more than 17 K on vegetable crop fields. The correlation between ST and in-situ observations was very high (r = 0.99, p = 0.010). The uncertainty and the bias of ST compared to in-situ observations were 0.73 K and ±1.42 K respectively. This study demonstrated that very high spatial resolution multispectral imaging and infrared thermography present a good potential for the characterization of the MCCs that govern the abundance and the behavior of disease vectors and crop pests in a given area. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : ravageur des plantes; maladie des plantes; protection des plantes; indicateur; cartographie; indice de surface foliaire; couverture végétale; végétation; contrôle de maladies; gestion du risque; surveillance épidémiologique; imagerie par satellite; donnée météorologique; modèle mathématique; humidité; température du sol; température; rayonnement infrarouge; thermographie; imagerie multispectrale; télédétection; microclimat; québec

Thématique : Méthodes de relevé; Méthodes mathématiques et statistiques; Géographie; Ravageurs des plantes; Maladies des plantes

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