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The production and potential of biofertilizers to improve crop yields

Lesueur D., Deaker R., Herrmann L., Bräu L., Jansa J.. 2016. In : Arora Naveen Kumar (ed.), Mehnaz Samina (ed.), Balestrini Raffaella (ed.). Bioformulations: for Sustainable Agriculture. New Delhi : Springer India, p. 71-92.

Extensive interactions of plant roots with soil microorganisms affect plant nutrition either directly by influencing mineral nutrient availability or indirectly through enhanced uptake efficiency via plant root growth promotion. Beneficial microbial interactions with roots may be either endophytic or associative and can be symbiotic, mutualistic, or incidental in nature. The increased understanding of the role of root ¿ or rhizosphere ¿associated with microbes in the nutrition and/or yield of agricultural crops in particular has resulted in promotion of their use in agricultural production as alternatives or supplements to mineral or organic fertilizers. Despite this, there is an obvious lack of market penetration of microbial inoculants. This review specifically focuses on microbial inoculants, collectively termed biofertilizers, used to improve nutrition and yields of grain, legume, oil, tuber, and other crops. A vast number of commercial biofertilizers are available worldwide; however, the quality and efficacy of many of them are not proven or tested. In the absence of efficacious biofertilizers of good and consistent quality, the dependence on the use of mineral fertilizers is not likely to decrease. Thus the availability of high-quality biofertilizers must be priority particularly in countries where crop plant production plays a key role in the economy and food security. (Résumé d'auteur)

Thématique : Fertilisation

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