Publications des agents du Cirad


Improving the fertility of tropical acid soils: Liming versus biochar application? A long term comparison in the highlands of Madagascar

Raboin L.M., Razafimahafaly A.H.D., Rabenjarisoa M.B., Rabary B., Dusserre J., Becquer T.. 2016. Field Crops Research, 199 : p. 99-108.

Soil acidity is a major constraint for crop production on highly weathered tropical soils characterized by high Al toxicity, low cation exchange capacity and low P availability to plants. To address these constraints, we compared the effects on crop production and soil properties of liming and adding biochar. Experiments were conducted under field conditions in an acidic soil in the Madagascar highlands using a two year rotation of maize intercropped with beans followed by rainfed upland rice over a period of six years. Five different levels of amendment were compared: 10 and 50 t ha?1 of eucalyptus charcoal residues (referred to as biochar), 1 and 3 t ha?1 of dolomite and a control (no amendment). They were combined with two types of soil management (conventional tillage and no tillage) and two fertilization levels. Soil characteristics were measured once after five years. Both biochar and dolomite amendment significantly improved yields of the maize and beans due to an increase in soil pH and a decrease in exchangeable aluminium. However, no significant effect was observed on the yield of upland rice. The incorporation of 50 t ha?1 of biochar was necessary to match the results obtained with 3 t ha?1 of dolomite. Amendment with dolomite was a more practical and cost-efficient option than amendment with biochar in our conditions. Long term trials are now needed to evaluate other types of biochar. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : riz pluvial; oryza sativa; culture intercalaire; phaseolus vulgaris; zea mays; fertilisation; non-travail du sol; travail du sol conventionnel; expérimentation au champ; toxicité du sol; aluminium; eucalyptus; résidu de récolte; charbon de bois; chaulage; dolomie; rendement des cultures; sol tropical; sol acide; amendement du sol; fertilité du sol; madagascar

Thématique : Fertilisation; Systèmes et modes de culture; Façons culturales; Fertilité du sol

Documents associés

Article de revue

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :