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African and classical swine fever situation in Ivory-Coast and neighboring countries, 2008-2013

Kouakou K., Michaud V., Biego Godi H.M., Gnabro H.P.G., Kouakou A.V., Mossoun A.M., Awuni J.A., Minoungou G., Aplogan G.L., Awoumé F.K., Albina E., Lancelot R., Couacy-Hymann E.. 2017. Acta Tropica, 166 : p. 241-248.

DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.10.027

This study was conducted from 2008 to 2013 to determine the animal health status of Ivory Coast and neighboring countries (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo and Benin) for African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF), and to assess the risk factors for ASF introduction in Ivory Coast. Ivory Coast had probably been free from ASF from 1998 to 2014 when it was re-introduced in this country. However, the ASF virus was found in all neighboring countries. In contrast, no evidence of CSF infection was found so far in Ivory Coast and neighboring countries. To assess the risk of ASF reintroduction in Ivory Coast, we surveyed 59 modern pig farms, and 169 pig owners in 19 villages and in two towns. For the village livestock, the major risk factor was the high frequency of pig exchanges with Burkinabe villages. In the commercial sector, many inadequate management practices were observed with respect to ASF. Their identification should enable farmers and other stakeholders to implement a training and prevention program to reduce the introduction risk of ASF in their farms.

Mots-clés : côte d'ivoire

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