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Turning rice meiosis into mitosis

Mieulet D., Jolivet S., Rivard M., Cromer L., Vernet A., Mayonove P., Pereira L., Droc G., Courtois B., Guiderdoni E., Mercier R.. 2016. Cell Research, 26 (11) : p. 1242-1254.

Introduction of clonal reproduction through seeds (apomixis) in crops has the potential to revolutionize agriculture by allowing self-propagation of any elite variety, in particular F1 hybrids. In the sexual model plant Arabidopsis thaliana synthetic clonal reproduction through seeds can be artificially implemented by (i) combining three mutations to turn meiosis into mitosis (MiMe) and (ii) crossing the obtained clonal gametes with a line expressing modified CENH3 and whose genome is eliminated in the zygote. Here we show that additional combinations of mutations can turn Arabidopsis meiosis into mitosis and that a combination of three mutations in rice (Oryza sativa) efficiently turns meiosis into mitosis, leading to the production of male and female clonal diploid gametes in this major crop. Successful implementation of the MiMe technology in the phylogenetically distant eudicot Arabidopsis and monocot rice opens doors for its application to any flowering plant and paves the way for introducing apomixis in crop species. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : génie génétique; génotype; phylogénie; mutation; apomixie; clone; méiose; mitose; arabidopsis thaliana; oryza sativa; france

Thématique : Physiologie végétale : reproduction; Génétique et amélioration des plantes; Multiplication végétative des plantes

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