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Modelling the transformation of organic materials in soil with nuclear magnetic resonance spectra

Pansu M.A., Thuriès L., Soares V.L.F., Simoes M., Martin Neto L.. 2017. European Journal of Soil Science, 68 (1) : p. 90-104.

Changes in the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) compartments that result from the addition of organic material (OM) to the soil are predicted by the transformation of added OM (TAO) model with three parameters: very labile (P?L) and stable (PS) fractions of the OM and the rate of remineralization (kremin) of nitrogen immobilized by microorganisms. We propose relations between P?L, PS, kremin and various chemical groups in the OM identified by their 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra. The aromatic content increased the predicted PS in accordance with published results. The O-aromatic content also increased PS, but much less so than the aromatic content. The carboxyl content decreased PS and increased P?L as in the TAO model based on infrared spectrometry. The carbonyl content decreased P?L, whereas di-O-alkyl increased P?L. The chemical composition of the population of decomposer organisms did not appear to be homeostatic, but was related rather to the composition of the substrate: kremin was positively correlated with the carboxyl and di-O-alkyl content and negatively correlated with the alkyl content. Solid state 13C NMR spectroscopy gave better predictions of the transformations that resulted from adding OM than biochemical fractionation and near infrared reflectance spectrometry (NIRS). It is fast and non-destructive and provides new insights into the processes that control decomposition for research into waste recycling, agro-ecology and climate change. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : dégradation; recyclage des déchets; déchet organique; spectroscopie infrarouge; spectrométrie; minéralisation du carbone; minéralisation de l'azote; cycle du carbone; cycle de l'azote; azote; carbone; matière organique du sol

Thématique : Traitement des déchets agricoles; Chimie et physique du sol; Méthodes de relevé; Fertilisation

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