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Multi-level policy coalitions: An interpretive model of water conflicts in the Americas

Massardier G., Poupeau F., Mayaux P.L., Mercier D., Cortinas J.. 2016. Ambiente e Sociedade, 19 (4) : p. 153-178.

DOI: 10.1590/1809-4422ex0001v1942016

This article proposes an analytical approach to conflicts and policy-making related to urban water management based on multi-level policy coalitions. This is necessary to articulate four main issues. First, the repositioning of social and political struggles for access to water, along with policy variables. Second, the analysis of the effects of ecological transition, including climate change. Third, the reincorporation of these struggles and challenges in a multi-level approach. Finally, the enquiry into the apparent contradiction, in contemporary policymaking. The article proposes a definition of multi-level coalitions as collective preference systems that influence the content of policies (ideas/advocacy, decisions, policy tools) and their implementation, groups of actors that arise from engagement in policy issues. In the first section, the article presents the objectives of research on urban water management in the Americas, within the framework of which this analytical approach by multi-level coalitions is fashioned. In the second section, the article details four analytical issues. In the third section, it gives a definition of multi-level coalitions. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : gestion des eaux; sociologie; prise de décision; politique de l'eau; eau potable; utilisation de l'eau; droit de l'eau; droit d'usage; trouble social; environnement socioéconomique; enquête; changement climatique; amériques; brésil; mexique; amérique latine; région andine; politique publique

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