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Spread rate of lumpy skin disease in the Balkans, 2015-2016

Mercier A., Arsevska E., Bournez L., Bronner A.C., Calavas D., Cauchard J., Falala S., Caufour P., Tisseuil C., Lefrançois T., Lancelot R.. 2018. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 65 (1) : p. 240-243.

DOI: 10.1111/tbed.12624

After its introduction in Turkey in November 2013 and subsequent spread in this country, lumpy skin disease (LSD) was first reported in the western Turkey in May 2015. It was observed in cattle in Greece and reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) in August 2015. From May 2015 to August 2016, 1,092 outbreaks of lumpy skin disease were reported in cattle from western Turkey and eight Balkan countries: Greece, Bulgaria, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Kosovo, and Albania. During this period, the median LSD spread rate was 7.3 km/week. The frequency of outbreaks was highly seasonal, with little or no transmission reported during the winter. Also, the skewed distribution of spread rates suggested two distinct underlying epidemiological processes, associating local and distant spread possibly related to vectors and cattle trade movements, respectively.

Mots-clés : Épidémiologie; surveillance épidémiologique; maladie de la peau; bovin; virose; capripoxvirus; transmission des maladies; facteur de risque; migration animale; commercialisation; distribution géographique; analyse du risque; balkans; europe; turquie; grèce; bulgarie; serbie; albanie; monténégro; dermatose nodulaire

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