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Towards a community-based concession model in the DRC

Vermeulen C., Karsenty A.. 2017. International Forestry Review, 19 (S2) : p. 80-86.

In 2014 Decree 14/018 laying down the rules for granting forest concessions to local communities, followed by Ministerial Order 0/25 on the same issue was published in the DRC. This paper aims to analyse the abovementioned legislation with respect to participatory ma nagement of forests. The explicit recognition of the duality of a customary de facto local community forest and a modern legal entity (concession) is an innovation. However, viewed from the perspective of the long-established habits within the country, the question remains whethe r these legal measures can be sufficient for ensuring the sustainable development of these community-held forested areas. Allowing community concessions up to 50,000 ha demonstrated a shift in the government policy away from the industrial timber cultivation model. However, an ar ea this size is much larger than the communities can monitor, particularly in the case of artisanal charcoal or wood exploitation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : développement durable; approches communautaires; politique forestière; gestion des ressources naturelles; législation de l'environnement; réglementation forestière; forêt collective; communauté rurale; production forestière; aménagement forestier; forêt tropicale; forêt; république démocratique du congo; concession

Thématique : Production forestière; Législation; Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale

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