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Migration and resilience of rural households' livelihoods in the face of changing political and economic contexts: the case of South Mozambique (1900-2010)

Mercandalli S., Anseeuw W.. 2017. African Studies, 76 (2) : p. 221-242.

DOI: 10.1080/00020184.2017.1322868

This article investigates how labour migrations of rural households from Leonzoane in Southern Mozambique have changed since the colonial period to a post-war (1992) and post-apartheid (1994) context and their links with livelihoods restructuring. It draws on a qualitative analysis of the features of labour migrations, through a sample of households on five generations. Results reveal the evolution of men's forms of mobility from longstanding circular and formal migrations to South Africa's mines, toward multi-sited, informal, and more flexible migrations into mining and other sectors. These renewed forms of mobility are a core element of households' livelihoods restructuring, as part of strategies to adapt the changing political-economic constraints of the broader globalising environment in terms of increasing informal and volatile labour conditions. The article concludes with a call for further analysis and integration of migration features in development policies.

Mots-clés : main d'oeuvre familiale; migration; ménage; population rurale; moyens d'existence; politique économique; condition de travail; histoire; Étude de cas; environnement socioéconomique; politique de développement; développement économique; mozambique; afrique du sud

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