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Eggplant resistance to the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex involves both broad-spectrum and strain-specific quantitative trait loci

Salgon S., Jourda C., Sauvage C., Daunay M.C., Reynaud B., Wicker E., Dintinger J.. 2017. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8 : 21 p..

DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00828

Bacterial wilt (BW) is a major disease of solanaceous crops caused by the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RSSC). Strains are grouped into five phylotypes (I, IIA, IIB, III, and IV). Varietal resistance is the most sustainable strategy for managing BW. Nevertheless, breeding to improve cultivar resistance has been limited by the pathogen's extensive genetic diversity. Identifying the genetic bases of specific and non-specific resistance is a prerequisite to breed improvement. A major gene (ERs1) was previously mapped in eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) using an intraspecific population of recombinant inbred lines derived from the cross of susceptible MM738 (S) × resistant AG91-25 (R). ERs1 was originally found to control three strains from phylotype I, while being totally ineffective against a virulent strain from the same phylotype. We tested this population against four additional RSSC strains, representing phylotypes I, IIA, IIB, and III in order to clarify the action spectrum of ERs1. We recorded wilting symptoms and bacterial stem colonization under controlled artificial inoculation. We constructed a high-density genetic map of the population using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) developed from genotyping-by-sequencing and added 168 molecular markers [amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs), simple sequence repeats (SSRs), and sequence-related amplified polymorphisms (SRAPs)] developed previously. The new linkage map based on a total of 1,035 markers was anchored on eggplant, tomato, and potato genomes. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping for resistance against a total of eight RSSC strains resulted in the detection of one major phylotype-specific QTL and two broad-spectrum QTLs. The major QTL, which specifically controls three phylotype I strains, was located at the bottom of chromosome 9 and corresponded to the previously identified major gene ERs1. Five candidate R-genes were underlying this QTL, with different alleles between the parents. The two other QTLs detected on chromosomes 2 and 5 were found to be associated with partial resistance to strains of phylotypes I, IIA, III and strains of phylotypes IIA and III, respectively. Markers closely linked to these three QTLs will be crucial for breeding eggplant with broad-spectrum resistance to BW. Furthermore, our study provides an important contribution to the molecular characterization of ERs1, which was initially considered to be a major resistance gene.

Mots-clés : ralstonia solanacearum; solanum melongena; résistance génétique; relation hôte pathogène; locus des caractères quantitatifs; gène; carte génétique; erwinia; réunion; france; qtl

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