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What explains wildlife value orientations? A study among central African forest dwellers

Rickenbach O., Reyes-Garcia V., Moser G., Garcia C.. 2017. Human Ecology, 45 (3) : p. 293-306.

DOI: 10.1007/s10745-016-9860-7

This study of values placed on wildlife by Bantu and Yaka Pygmy forest dwellers (n = 200) in Northern Congo identified and analyzed two wildlife value orientations - ¿anthropocentric¿ and ¿biocentric.¿ The former, strongly displayed across all segments of both societies, was likely motivated by heavy reliance on bushmeat and human¿wildlife conflicts, and was linked to attitudes approving the killing of animals for human benefit. The ¿biocentric¿ orientation was more common among formally educated male respondents who do not hunt and positively linked to attitudes favoring conservation. Wildlife management strategies should consider including 1) sustainable local wildlife exploitation, 2) livelihood projects that provide a real alternative to hunting, and 3) human¿wildlife conflict mitigation.

Mots-clés : forêt; forêt tropicale; faune; viande de brousse; chasse; Épuisement des ressources; conservation de la nature; groupe éthnique; impact sur l'environnement; enquête; espèce en danger; zone protegée; gestion des ressources naturelles; moyens d'existence durables; anthropologie sociale; biodiversité; communauté rurale; afrique centrale; république démocratique du congo

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