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Eleostearic phospholipids as probes to evaluate antioxidants efficiency against liposomes oxidation

Durand E., Delavault A., Bourlieu C., Lecomte J., Baréa B., Figueroa-Espinoza M.C., Decker E.A., Salaun F.M., Kergourlay G., Villeneuve P.. 2017. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 209 : p. 19-28.

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2017.10.006

Regardless of the applications: therapeutic vehicle or membrane model to mimic complex biological systems; it is of a great importance to develop simplified, reproducible and rapid model assays allowing for a relevant assessment of the liposomal membrane oxidation and therefore antioxidant activity of selected molecules. Here, we describe a new and high-throughput assay that we called ¿Vesicle Conjugated Autoxidizable Triene (VesiCAT)¿. It is based on specific UV absorbance spectral properties of a new phospholipid probe, synthesized with natural conjugated eleostearic acid extracted from Tung oil. The VesiCAT assay has been developed with two different radical generators (2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride; AAPH and 2,2'-azobis(2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile); AMVN), producing a constant flux of oxidant species, either in membrane or in aqueous phase. This method appears very efficient in assessing the effect of various pure antioxidant molecules in their ability to preserve liposomes from oxidative degradation. In addition, the AAPH- and AMVN-induced oxidations offer the possibility of extracting different but complementary information with respect to the antioxidants efficacy.

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