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Processing and properties of sorghum stem fragment-polyethylene composites

Vo L.T.T., Girones J., Beloli C., Chupin L., Di Giuseppe E., Clément-Vidal A., Soutiras A., Pot D., Bastianelli D., Bonnal L., Navard P.. 2017. Industrial Crops and Products, 107 : p. 386-398.

Composites prepared with whole sorghum stem fragments reinforcing a polyethylene matrix were studied using ten different sorghum genotypes. Using a robust processing protocol, it is shown that for a given sorghum genotype, the composition of the stem fragments varies depending on the size of the sieved fragments but with the genotype effect being larger than the sieving effect. There is a variation of mechanical properties between the genotypes (from 0.6 to 1 GPa for modulus, from 7.2 to 11.5 MPa for tensile strength and from 4.4 to 6.2 kJ/m2 for impact strength). The genotypes giving the best tensile mechanical properties are the ones which have the highest viscosity, which show during blending the largest energy dissipation and which have the less decrease of size after processing. There is a weak correlation between tensile mechanical properties and resistance to impact suggesting that it is not the same tissues or physical properties which contribute to these two tests. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : moulage par injection; traitement; propriété physicochimique; polyéthylène; biocomposite; propriété mécanique; génotype; tige; sorghum bicolor; sorgho; france

Thématique : Traitement des produits agricoles non alimentaires; Génétique et amélioration des plantes; Physiologie et biochimie végétales

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