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Statistical modelling of temperature and moisture uptake of biochars exposed to selected relative humidity of air

Bastistella L., Rousset P., Aviz A., Caldeira-Pires A., Humbert G., Nogueira M.F.M.. 2018. Bioengineering, 5 (1) : 15 p..

DOI: 10.3390/bioengineering5010013

New experimental techniques, as well as modern variants on known methods, have recently been employed to investigate the fundamental reactions underlying the oxidation of biochar. The purpose of this paper was to experimentally and statistically study how the relative humidity of air, mass, and particle size of four biochars influenced the adsorption of water and the increase in temperature. A random factorial design was employed using the intuitive statistical software Xlstat. A simple linear regression model and an analysis of variance with a pairwise comparison were performed. The experimental study was carried out on the wood of Quercus pubescens, Cyclobalanopsis glauca, Trigonostemon huangmosun, and Bambusa vulgaris, and involved five relative humidity conditions (22, 43, 75, 84, and 90%), two mass samples (0.1 and 1 g), and two particle sizes (powder and piece). Two response variables including water adsorption and temperature increase were analyzed and discussed. The temperature did not increase linearly with the adsorption of water. Temperature was modeled by nine explanatory variables, while water adsorption was modeled by eight. Five variables, including factors and their interactions, were found to be common to the two models. Sample mass and relative humidity influenced the two qualitative variables, while particle size and biochar type only influenced the temperature.

Mots-clés : quercus pubescens; bambusa vulgaris; charbon de bois; teneur en eau; humidité; bois; dimension; particule de bois; oxydation; absorption d'eau; température; bioénergie; méthode statistique; modèle mathématique; cyclobalanopsis glauca; trigonostremom huangmosum

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