Publications des agents du Cirad


Unleashing meiotic recombinaton in plants. [W1068]

Mieulet D., Fernandes J.B., Seguela-Arnaud M., Aubert G., Brès C., Guiderdoni E., Mercier R.. 2018. In : Proceedings Plant and Animal Genome XXVI Conference. San Diego : PAG, 1 p.. Plant and Animal Genomes Conference. 26, 2018-01-13/2018-01-17, San Diego (Etats-Unis).

Meiotic crossovers shuffle parental genetic information, providing novel combinations of alleles on which natural or artificial selection can act. However, crossover events are relatively rare, typically one to three exchange points per chromosome pair. Recent work has identified three pathways limiting meiotic crossovers in Arabidopsis thaliana that rely on the activity of FANCM [Crismani W, et al. (2012) Science 336:1588-1590], RECQ4 [Séguéla-Arnaud M, et al. (2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112:4713-4718], and FIGL1 [Girard C, et al. (2015) PLoS Genet 11:e1005369]. We analyzed recombination in Arabidopsis plants in which one, two, or all three of these pathways were disrupted in both pure line and hybrid contexts. The greatest effect was observed when combining recq4 and figl1 mutations, which increased the hybrid genetic map length from 389 to 3,037 cM. This corresponds to an unprecedented 7.8-fold increase in crossover frequency. We then showed that recombination can be massively increased in crop species. These results open the possibility of manipulating recombination to enhance plant breeding efficiency.

Documents associés

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :