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Contribution to the socio-economic assessment of the resource (waterbirds) including socio-economic evaluation of the exploitation of migratory waterbirds by food and market hunting in the Nile Delta. Technical Implementation Report

Le Bel S., Deniau C., Hatab E.. 2017. Montpellier : CIRAD; FAO, 58 p..

The objective of the RESSOURCE project is to improve the knowledge on waterbirds utilization and the management of existing populations and their habitats on several target sites including Egypt. The third component of the project focuses on the question of the sustainable utilization of waterbirds and to address the impact of legal and illegal offtake on their migratory populations. For Egypt the El Manzala region on the Nile Delta appeared to be a target site for the project due to the importance of killing of migratory species incidentally caught during legal seasonal trapping of Quail. A questionnaire previously designed for the Chad site was adapted to the Nile Delta context in partnership with the Egyptian NCS team. Based on previous studies, targeted villages in vicinity of the lake Manzala and Burullus were selected. After a training session of the investigators in Ashtoum National Park, the study started the 9th October for a period of three weeks. KoBoCollect, a smartphone application was utilized for off-line records of data. For this first step the data stored under KoBoToolbox were analysed to produce a set of descriptive statistics. The results displayed in this report provide a first overview of some components of the waterbird value chain in the Nile Delta: (1) fishing remains the main human activity in the two lakes; (2) in Lake Manzala hunting is targeting waterbirds such as common coot, moorhen and garganey ducks; on the opposite in Lake Burullus it concerns mainly quails and passerines; (3) hunters using mainly nets are trapping more for subsistence than for trading purposes and (4) consumption and trading patterns remain in line with the hunting scenarios. Meanwhile, further statistical analyses are requested to identify what are the drivers of the hunting, trading and consumption sectors. If the information provided by the survey confirmed some of the findings of the 2015 study it's also raising more questions than providing an update estimation of the volumes of waterfowls been harvested, traded and consumed in the Delta. To be in the position of estimating what could be the impact of traditional and seasonal hunting, we suggested the creation of a waterbird observatory - an information system - as a strategical approach to integrate historical information and information generated by the project to drive a collective management of the waterbird resource. Its creation corresponds to the principle of co-managing waterbirds and their habitats by the government authorities and the local communities, with a sharing of rights and responsibilities.

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