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Cirad

Animal and human health: tackling uncertainty through participatory modelling and simulation

Zoonoses¿infectious diseases communicable between animals and humans¿, drug resistance and environmental pollution are now causing serious health problems worldwide. These problems are closely tied to global environmental and socio-economic changes and to the transformation of production systems at the territorial level. In this context, health management is becoming a complex issue: it needs to be addressed in close collaboration with the public veterinary health, agriculture and environment sectors. New uncertainties are emerging, and non- conventional actors are entering the scene along-side the decision-makers traditionally responsible for public health. The participatory modelling and simulation approach incorporates the diverse knowledge of all of these actors. It reveals uncertainties and teaches participants how to manage them, to make decisions and to share responsibility. It constitutes a practical solution to ensure health issues are better integrated into territorial planning policies.

Mots-clés : méthodologie; innovation; recherche interdisciplinaire; développement intégré; aménagement du territoire; politique sanitaire; aide à la décision; modèle; modèle de simulation; approches participatives; santé animale; santé publique; zoonose; développement territorial; modélisation d'accompagnement

Thématique : Maladies des animaux; Autres thèmes; Sciences et hygiène vétérinaires : considérations générales; Méthodes de recherche; Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale

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