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Public policies to support agroecology in Latin America and the Caribbean

Sabourin E., Le Coq J.F., Freguin-Gresh S., Marzin J., Bonin M., Patrouilleau M.M., Vázquez L., Niederle P.A.. 2018. Perspective - Cirad (45) : p. 1-4.

Latin American agroecology proposes a transformation of conventional agri-food systems. It is driven by social movements that have succeeded in forming coalitions that have promoted its integration into public policies. These policies involve a range of instruments that are often embedded in programmes that also support organic agriculture and sustainable agriculture. However, while these two types of agriculture propose more ecological practices, they do not question the basis of the conventional agri-food system. The implementation of instruments to support agroecology therefore depends on the power relations established within each country. This Perspective analyses these policies and their influence on the development of agroecology in eight countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Mexico, and Nicaragua. These policies remain fragile, while support for large-scale conventional agriculture is still predominant. Their challenge is therefore to convince more broadly farmers, consumers and policymakers about the importance of issues such as public health and food security.

Mots-clés : secteur agroindustriel; politique agricole; agroécologie; nicaragua; mexique; el salvador; cuba; costa rica; chili; brésil; argentine; politique publique

Thématique : Agriculture - Considérations générales; Ecologie végétale; Systèmes et modes de culture; Economie et politique agricoles

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