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Cirad

Sustainable cocoa production. Learning from agroforestry

In order to meet growing demand for chocolate products, numerous initiatives have been launched over the last 10 years with a view to increasing cocoa production. These initiatives continue to promote the input-intensive model advocated since the 1960s, even though this model has reached its agronomic, socio-economic, and environmental limits. Hence the proposal to learn from agroforestry in order to develop the current model: introducing fruit and forest tree species into cocoa plantations contributes to the agro-ecological intensification of cocoa production, while improving flexibility and resilience, which are essential to smallholder farmers, who grow 95% of the world's cocoa.

Mots-clés : agroécologie; petite exploitation agricole; agroforesterie; theobroma cacao; cameroun; nigéria; ghana; côte d'ivoire; indonésie; brésil; Équateur; colombie; panama; mexique

Thématique : Culture des plantes; Systèmes et modes de culture

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