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Sustainable cocoa production. Learning from agroforestry

Jagoret P., Deheuvels O., Bastide P.. 2014. Perspective (27) : p. 1-4.

DOI: 10.19182/agritrop/00032

In order to meet growing demand for chocolate products, numerous initiatives have been launched over the last 10 years with a view to increasing cocoa production. These initiatives continue to promote the input-intensive model advocated since the 1960s, even though this model has reached its agronomic, socio-economic, and environmental limits. Hence the proposal to learn from agroforestry in order to develop the current model: introducing fruit and forest tree species into cocoa plantations contributes to the agro-ecological intensification of cocoa production, while improving flexibility and resilience, which are essential to smallholder farmers, who grow 95% of the world's cocoa.

Mots-clés : theobroma cacao; agroforesterie; petite exploitation agricole; agroécologie; mexique; panama; colombie; Équateur; brésil; indonésie; côte d'ivoire; ghana; nigéria; cameroun

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