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Tandem mass spectrometry imaging and in situ characterization of bioactive wood metabolites in Amazonian tree species Sextonia rubra

Fu T., Touboul D., Della Negra S., Houël E., Amusant N., Duplais C., Fisher G.L., Brunelle A.. 2018. Analytical Chemistry, 90 (12) : p. 7535-7543.

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b01157

Driven by a necessity for confident molecular identification at high spatial resolution, a new time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) tandem mass spectrometry (tandem MS) imaging instrument has been recently developed. In this paper, the superior MS/MS spectrometry and imaging capability of this new tool is shown for natural product study. For the first time, via in situ analysis of the bioactive metabolites rubrynolide and rubrenolide in Amazonian tree species Sextonia rubra (Lauraceae), we were able both to analyze and to image by tandem MS the molecular products of natural biosynthesis. Despite the low abundance of the metabolites in the wood sample(s), efficient MS/MS analysis of these ¿-lactone compounds was achieved, providing high confidence in the identification and localization. In addition, tandem MS imaging minimized the mass interferences and revealed specific localization of these metabolites primarily in the ray parenchyma cells but also in certain oil cells and, further, revealed the presence of previously unidentified ¿-lactone, paving the way for future studies in biosynthesis.

Mots-clés : bois; forêt tropicale humide; métabolite; bois de coeur; spectrométrie de masse; lauraceae; guyane française; france; sextonia rubra

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