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Effects of Phoracantha recurva Newman, 1840 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) attacks on the content and chemical composition of essential oils of Eucalyptus grandis leaves and its clone 977 and evaluation of their potential bioactivity against xylophagous organisms (fungi and insects)

Messoudi L., Rohi L., Amusant N., Ghanmi M., Satrani B., Maatouf N.. 2017. International Journal of Academic Studies, 3 (6) : p. 104-128.

Clonal eucalyptus are highly valued in Morocco and in the Mediterranean basin for the production of industrial wood, but nothing is known about their ability to resist xylophagous plants. This study aims to investigate the chemical defenses response of eucalyptus trees to artificially attacks by young larvae of Phoracantha recurva by assessing changes in essential oil production and composition of leaves from Eucalyptus grandis and its clone 977. Fungicidal and termicidal essential oil activities were evaluated to value their biocidal properties. In the Northwest region of Morocco, six of vigorous eucalyptus-trees were selected for each wood species studied. In contrast to a control tree without infection, three from each species were artificially infested in three part of the trunk by hatched larvae of P. recurva. After two months, the most important cambial reaction was observed with E. grandis compared to clone 977. For both species, the primary reaction is less important compared to the reaction of deep tissues. The essential oils recovered by hydrodistillation show that the infested trees have the highest average yield. Arian parties are 1.51% and 2.36% respectively for E. grandis and its clone 977, after infestation, we can observe a decrease of the production of essential in the leaves, respectively 1% and 1.5% for E. grandis and its clone 977. The analysis of the chemical composition by GC-MS method of essential oils shows that the leaves of infested trees of E. grandis and its clone 977, have specific constituents resulting from infestation such as Endo-fenchol, trans-carveol, Nerol and Spathulenol. Equally, this analysis revealed that the attacked trees hemi-synthesized more components compared to their controls. However, the evaluation of fungicidal and termiticidal activities showed that the essentials oil of the clone 977 is more active compared to the parental species E. grandis.

Mots-clés : isoptera; fongicide; biopesticide; huile essentielle; insecte xylophage; ravageur des plantes; cerambycidae; eucalyptus grandis; région méditerranéenne; maroc; phoracantha recurva

Thématique : Ravageurs des plantes; Dégâts causés aux forêts et leur protection; Maladies des plantes

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