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Problemshed or Watershed? Participatory Modeling towards IWRM in North Ghana

Daré W., Venot J.P., Le Page C., Aduna A.. 2018. Water, 10 (6) : 23 p..

This paper is a reflexive analysis of a three-year participatory water research project conducted in the Upper East Region (UER) of Ghana, whose explicit objective was to initiate a multi-level dialogue to support the national Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) policy framework. The transdisciplinary team adopted the Companion Modeling approach (ComMod), using role-playing games and a computerized agent-based model to support the identification of a problemshed centered on issues of river bank cultivation, erosion, and flooding, and initiate a multi-level dialogue on ways that this problemshed could be tackled. On the basis of this experience, we identify three key criteria for transdisciplinary research to support innovative water governance: (1) the iterative adaptation of tools and facilitation techniques based on feedback from participants; (2) a common understanding of the objectives pursued and the approach used among researchers, who need to explicit their posture, and crucially; (3) the co-identification of a problemshed that diverse stakeholders are interested in tackling. Finally, we argue that the context in which research is funded and conducted in the development sector constitutes a challenge for researchers to be ¿participants like any other¿ in the projects they coordinate, which constitutes a barrier to true transdisciplinarity.

Mots-clés : gouvernance; conservation de l'eau; modélisation environnementale; ghana; jeu de role

Thématique : Ressources en eau et leur gestion; Méthodes mathématiques et statistiques

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