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Oxidative pyrolysis of agricultural residues in gasification and carbonization processes

Pham Xuan H., Van De Steene L., Piriou B., Salvador S.. 2018. In : 4th International Conference on Environment and Renewable Energy (ICERE 2018). Bristol : IOP Publishing, p. 1-9. (IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 159). International Conference on Environment and Renewable Energy (ICERE 2018). 4, 2018-02-25/2018-02-27, Da Nang (Viet Nam).

DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/159/1/012032

Oxidative pyrolysis, in which heat is provided by the partial oxidation, occurs in many fixed bed reactors of air staged gasification and advanced carbonization processes. In these reactors, an Oxidation Zone (OZ) propagates and separates the virgin biomass from the produced char, and self-sustains the process. To investigate the energy transfer efficiency and to characterize the OZ features, oxidative pyrolysis was performed in a 20 cm diameter fixed bed reactor with Wheat straw pellets. Temperatures and biomass bed height were measured continuously during the experiment. The OZ propagated at 0.41 cm/min and consumed about 11 % of the biomass. The role of bed compaction on the effective propagation velocity was highlighted. Char yield was measured to 28.6 % and char accounted for 39.56 % of the total energy content of the Wheat straw. Maximum temperature in the bed reached 780°C. This paper proposes a new insight into the OZ features when it propagates in a biomass fixed bed.

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