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Leaf Eh and pH: A novel indicator of plant stress. Spatial, temporal and genotypic variability in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Husson O., Audebert A., Benada J., Soglonou B., Tano F., Dieng I., Bousset L., Sarthou J.P., Joseph S., Menozzi P., Boulakia S., Futakuchi K.. 2018. Agronomy (Basel), 8 (10) : 24 p..

DOI: 10.3390/agronomy8100209

A wealth of knowledge has been published in the last decade on redox regulations in plants. However, these works remained largely at cellular and organelle levels. Simple indicators of oxidative stress at the plant level are still missing. We developed a method for direct measurement of leaf Eh and pH, which revealed spatial, temporal, and genotypic variations in rice. Eh (redox potential) and Eh@pH7 (redox potential corrected to pH 7) of the last fully expanded leaf decreased after sunrise. Leaf Eh was high in the youngest leaf and in the oldest leaves, and minimum for the last fully expanded leaf. Leaf pH decreased from youngest to oldest leaves. The same gradients in Eh-pH were measured for various varieties, hydric conditions, and cropping seasons. Rice varieties differed in Eh, pH, and/or Eh@pH7. Leaf Eh increases and leaf pH decreases with plant age. These patterns and dynamics in leaf Eh-pH are in accordance with the pattern and dynamics of disease infections. Leaf Eh-pH can bring new insight on redox processes at plant level and is proposed as a novel indicator of plant stress/health. It could be used by agronomists, breeders, and pathologists to accelerate the development of crop cultivation methods leading to agroecological crop protection.

Mots-clés : oryza sativa; stress oxydatif; potentiel redox; génotype; expression des gènes; physiologie végétale; maladie des plantes; agroécologie; variation génétique; ph; bénin

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