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Payments for environmental services and development. Combining conservation incentives with investment

Paying communities or producers to maintain the quality of water or biodiversity; encouraging farmers to adopt environmentally friendly practices; paying developing countries to avoid deforestation and thereby reduce CO2emissions: interest in payments for environmental services (PES) is growing throughout the world. However, past experience shows that PES are not without their problems: the criterion used to determine the amount; the methods used to evaluate effectiveness; and the uncertain use of payments, etc. Hence the proposal to combine direct incentives to protect ecosystems, especially forests, with the ecological intensification of agriculture and investment in land.

Mots-clés : Évaluation de l'impact; intensification; investissement; conservation des ressources; politique de l'environnement; incitation; services écosystémiques; service; service environnemental

Thématique : Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Investissements, financement et crédit

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