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No-cook process at very high gravity of various cassava starches for ethanol production

Moreno J.L., Chu-Ky S., Pham A.T., Tien Tien Nam, Ceballos H., Dufour D., Tran T.. 2018. Cali : CIAT, 1 p.. Triennial Symposium of International Society for Tropical Root Crop (ISTRC). 18, 2018-10-22/2018-10-25, Cali (Colombie).

No-cook process or simultaneous liquefaction, saccharification and fermentation (SLSF) at very high gravity (VHG) of cassava starch from 6 genotypes for ethanol production was conducted at lab scale. The SLSF-VHG process was performed in a unique fermenter at 30°C. Cassava starch was dispersed in ultrapure water to reach 300 g/l of dry matter and then the mixture was liquefied, saccharified and fermented simultaneously, by the action of an enzymatic cocktail, active dry yeast, KH2PO4 and urea. The content of sugars, ethanol, lactic acid and acetic acid was monitored by HPLC during the process, as well as dry matter and pH. Under these conditions, the SLSF-VHG process finished after 160 hours. The best yield was 17.6 % v/v ethanol for a genotype with double mutant characteristics, i.e. 88.1% of the theoretical ethanol yield. At the end of the fermentation, the content of lactic and acetic acid was in a range of 0.6-1.1 and 0.5-1.2 mg/ml, respectively. For all tests the content of dry matter and pH decreased at the end of the process. Besides the viscosity also decreased until reaching a very fluid liquid state. The SLSF of cassava starch under VHG condition shows great potential for the ethanol industry because yields of more than 8% ethanol can be achieved which is energetically viable.

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